What is Clairvoyance?
Clairvoyance is defined as the proclaimed capability to acquire knowledge regarding an entity, person, location, thing or physical occurrence through extrasensory perception. This word finds its roots in the French words clair (clear)+ voyance (vision). Any person with such a capability is known as clairvoyant.
Spiritualists also use this phrase to indicate seeing or listening (clairaudience) to the souls of the dead that are displayed to encircle the living. Analysis in parapsychology—such as sampling a subject’s capability to herald the ranking of cards in a shuffled deck—has yet to deliver explicit approval for the presence of clairvoyance.
In the 1670s, “clairvoyant” in English meant “having insight.” In the late 1700s, it represented a “clear-sighted person.” By the 1800s, English speakers employed “clairvoyant” to indicate “having psychic gifts, characterized by powers of clairvoyance.”
Most individuals are born with five senses: hearing, sight, touch, smell and taste. These five senses help people learn about and understand the world around them. So, people with a “sixth sense” are considered to have an additional sense to comprehend the world. This is known as extrasensory perception, or ESP, for short.
ESP is a term people use to suggest ‘clairvoyance.’ It is sometimes dubbed the unique ability of second sight. People use their eyes to witness the world close to them. But those with “second sight” assert seeing things that are not there or are yet to transpire. Some individuals may not believe that clairvoyants are authentic. Such people are just really attentive.
Clear-sightedness and clairvoyance enable the paranormal power to notice individuals and events distant in time or space. It can diverge into approximately three classes:
1- Precognition is the capacity to perceive or predict future events. 2- Retrocognition is the capacity to see past events. 3 -Remote viewing is the perception of current events beyond standard perception.
These categories often employ Supplemental phrases, like “clairaudience” and “clairsentience.” Other terms, such as “clairalience” (psychic proficiency acquired through the sense of smell) and “clairgustance” (understanding gained through the sense of taste), are also used.
Clairvoyance and its place in History and Religion
Throughout history, there have been multiple locations and moments in which individuals have asserted themselves or others to be clairvoyant. These statements may find their root in self-belief or scientifically explained delusion.
In several religions, tales of specific people living and being competent to see things far from their immediate sensory perception are commonplace, primarily in pagan religions where oracles were used. Prophecy frequently concerns some extent of clairvoyance, particularly when anticipating future circumstances. This power has occasionally been attributed to a more elevated ability than the person executing it.
Followers of diverse beliefs acknowledge that the capability is innate and can be revived through spiritual exercises such as meditation. Its increasing happening shows an elevation of human consciousness.
Famous clairvoyant, Rudolf Steiner, claims it is effortless to mistake his own emotional and spiritual being with the accurate spiritual world.
Several Christian saints were said to be capable of witnessing or comprehending things that were far withdrawn from their primary sensory perception as a sort of assistance from God, consisting of Columba of Iona, Anne Catherine Emmerich and Padre Pio. The Christian God in the Gospels is also registered as existing and being able to know something that was far withdrawn from His direct human perception.
In Jainism, clairvoyance as an ability is considered one of the five categories of wisdom. The residents of hell and heaven (devas) maintain clairvoyance by birth. According to the Jain book Sarvārthasiddhi, a quote states- “this kind of knowledge has been called avadhi as it ascertains matter in downward range or knows objects within limits”. Avadhi knowledge supports the existence of clairvoyance and similar beliefs.
Clairvoyance in Parapsychology
The earliest mentions of somnambulistic clairvoyance were made by Marquis de Puységur, a disciple of Franz Mesmer, who in 1784 was regaling a dull-witted regional peasant called Victor Race. In the treatment process, Race would go into a spell and experience a character transformation, evolving articulate and eloquent and providing diagnoses and medications for his illness and others. Clairvoyance was a proficiency of some mediums during the spiritualist generation of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Psychics of numerous reports have asserted clairvoyant capacity up to the current day.
Investigators of clairvoyance contained William Gregory, Rudolf Tischner and Gustav Pagenstecher. Clairvoyance investigations were registered in 1884 by Charles Richet. Cards were retained in envelopes, and a case put under hypnosis risked identifying them. The problem was reportedly triumphant in a sequence of 133 attempts, but the outcomes declined to the chance level when executed before a gathering of scientists in Cambridge.
A noteworthy evolution in clairvoyance study came when J. B. Rhine, a parapsychologist at Duke University, presented a common methodology with a standard statistical technique to examine data as a component of his analysis of extrasensory perception. Various psychological divisions tried to replicate Rhine’s experiments with failure.
Remote Viewing and Clairvoyance
Remote viewing, also understood as remote sensing, remote perception, telesthesia and traveling clairvoyance, is the potential paranormal capability to sense a secluded or sheltered target without the aid of the senses. In contemporary times, a well-known analysis of remote viewing has been the US government-funded scheme at the Stanford Research Institute from the 1970s through the mid-1990s.
Clairvoyance in Science
Scientific evidence has not reinforced the existence of metaphysical and psychic capabilities such as clairvoyance. Parapsychology investigates this potential, but the scientific society does not tolerate the presence of the supernatural. The scientific world widely regards parapsychology, consisting of the analysis of clairvoyance, as a pseudoscience.
Scientific research asserts that clairvoyance is commonly described as confirmation bias, expectancy bias, fraud, hallucination, self-delusion, sensory leakage, subjective validation, wishful thinking or negligence in enjoying the base rate of possible events, not as a metaphysical force. The scientific society regards parapsychology typically as a pseudoscience. In 1988, the US National Research Council quoted, “The committee finds no scientific justification from research conducted over 130 years, for the existence of parapsychological phenomena.”