What is Synchronicity?
Synchronicity (German: Synchronisation) is a term that was first used by analytical psychologist Carl G. Jung “to describe situations that seem to be connected but aren’t.” It’s common for people to think that things that happen in their mind and in the real world happen at the same time even though they aren’t linked by causality. This is called a “synchronicity experience.” Jung thought this was a good, even necessary, part of the human mind, but it can be bad when people are in psychosis. Jung came up with the idea of synchronicity as a way to connect these seemingly-meaningful coincidences to each other through a non-causal principle that is both intersubjective and philosophically objective. Mainstream science usually thinks that such a hypothetical principle doesn’t exist, or that it would be outside of the scope of science to look into it at all. As time went on, Jung and Wolfgang Pauli kept in touch, and they came up with a 1952 book called The Interpretation of Nature and the Psyche (German: Naturerklärung und Psyche) that had one paper from each. This book is called The Interpretation of Nature and the Psyche because it had one paper from each of them. Their work together led to what is now called the Pauli–Jung conjecture, which is what they came up with. Over the course of his career, Jung came up with many different definitions of synchronicity. He called it “a hypothetical factor that could be used to explain things in the same way that causality is used.” He also called it “acausal parallelism,” “acausal connecting principle,” and “acausal parallelism.” It was Pauli’s idea that synchronicities were “corrections to chance fluctuations by meaningful and purposeful coincidences of causally unconnected events.” He also said that he wanted to move the concept away from coincidence and instead use words like “correspondence, connection, or constellation.” People like Jung and Pauli thought that, like causal connections, acausal connections could help us understand the world and our own minds. A 2016 study found that two thirds of the therapists who were asked said that synchronicity experiences could be good for therapy. In the same way, analytical psychologists say that people must come to understand the “compensatory” meaning of these experiences in order to “enhance consciousness rather than just build up superstitiousness.” However, clients who talk about synchronicity in a clinical setting often say that they don’t get listened to, aren’t accepted, or aren’t understood. Furthermore, the first stages of schizophrenic delusion are marked by a lot of meaningful coincidences. A lot of scientists, especially those who are studying coincidences, think that the way people think about coincidence is because of noisey chance events in the world that are misinterpreted by people’s brains into unsubstantiated, even paranormal, beliefs in their minds, according to M. K. Johansen and M. Osman in their paper. Counselors and psychoanalysts were less likely to agree that chance coincidence was a good explanation for synchronicity than psychologists were. They were more likely to agree that a need for unconscious material to be expressed could be a reason for synchronicity in the clinical setting. Jung used the idea of synchronicity to show that the paranormal is real. Arthur Koestler also looked into this idea in his 1972 book, The Roots of Coincidence. The New Age movement also took it up. Magical thinking thinks that things that aren’t linked by cause and effect have some kind of supernatural connection. The synchronicity principle thinks that things that aren’t linked by cause and effect may have some kind of noncausal connection that we don’t know about. Because this isn’t something that can be proven or disproved, it doesn’t fall under the umbrella of empirical research. Scientific scepticism thinks it’s not true. A statistical point of view doesn’t make sense of synchronicity events, according to Jung. They make sense, however, because they may seem to back up paranormal ideas. In fact, Jung didn’t do any research on synchronicity experiences based on things like mental states and scientific data to make his conclusions. However, some research has been done in this area since then (see , below). While one person may think a coincidence is important, this alone does not prove that the coincidence has any real-world significance. Several statistical laws, like Littlewood’s law and the law of truly large numbers, show that things that aren’t expected can happen more often than people think. People who have synchronicity experiences or other types of coincidences can use these to show that they were misinterpreted because of confirmation bias, spurious correlations, or underestimation of probability.