Uriel /jril/; or Auriel also Oriel (Hebrew: rl, “El/God is my light” or “Light of God”; Greek: O Ouril; Coptic: Ouriyl; Italian: Uriele; Geez and Amharic: Ural or Uril) is the name of one of the archangels referenced in post-exilic rabbinic and Christian tradition. He is well-known in the Russian Orthodox faith (where he is considered one of the seven prominent archangels) and is regarded as the fourth archangel in the Anglican Church. He is also well-known in esoteric mediaeval European literature. Uriel is also regarded as the archangel of wisdom and the lord of knowledge. Uriel/Auriel has been equated (or confused) with Urial, Nuriel, Uryan, Jeremiel, Vretil, Sariel, Suriel, Puruel, Phanuel, Jacob, Azrael, and Raphael in apocryphal, kabbalistic, and esoteric writings. Uriel or Auriel (man) / Urielle or Eurielle (female) is another name that has been incorporated into the Celtic Brittanic culture, owing to the seventh-century sister of the Breton king Saint Judicael, who popularised the name.
|Venerated in||Anglicanism,Esoteric Christianity,Eastern Catholicism,Eastern Orthodoxy,Folk Catholicism,Oriental Orthodoxy,Rabbinic Judaism|
|Feast||29 September (Western),10 October (Celtic Brittany),8 November (Eastern),29 July (Hamle 23)|
|Attributes||Archangel; Fire in palm; Carrying a book, a scroll, a flaming sword, a disc of the sun, and a celestial orb or disc of stars and constellations; Holding a chalice (only in Ethiopian Orthodox tradition).|
|Patronage||Arts, confirmation, sciences, poetry, judgement|
|Catholic cult suppressed||745 by Pope Zachary (Latin Church)|