what is a Paradigm?
In science and philosophy, a paradigm (/prdam/) is a set of ideas or thought patterns that are different from each other. These ideas include theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what is good in a field.
In Greek, paradigm comes from the verb paradeiknumi (paradeiknumi), which means “exhibit, represent, show, expose,” as well as (para), “beside, beyond,” and (deiknumi), which means “to show, to point out.”
Paradeigma is used in rhetoric to show an example of things that happen in the same way to an audience. These words don’t mean that this picture is meant to lead the audience to a conclusion. Instead, it is used to help them find their way.
People who work as personal accountants could be an example of how a paradeigma is meant to help them. They don’t tell their clients what to do with their money, but they help their clients figure out how they should spend their money based on what they want to do with it. Anaximenes said that paradeigma was “actions that have happened before and are similar to, or different from, the ones we are now talking about.”