Raphael (/rfil/; Hebrew:, translit. Rpl, lit. ‘God heals’; Raphael (Ancient Greek: P; Coptic: Rafaêl; Arabic:, Raf’l, or Isrfl; Amharic:, Rufael) is an archangel attested in the books of Tobit and 1 Enoch, both of which date from the last few centuries before Christ. Later Jewish tradition recognised him as one of Abraham’s three heavenly visits at the Oak of Mamre. He is not mentioned in the Christian New Testament or the Quran, but subsequent Christian tradition associated him with healing and identified him as the angel who agitated the waters in John 5:2-4. In Islam, where he is known as Israfil, he is considered to be the unidentified angel described in Quran 6:73, who forever stands with a trumpet to his lips, preparing to announce the Day of Resurrection.
|Venerated||Judaism,Christianity(Roman Catholic Church,Eastern Catholic Churches,Eastern Orthodox Church,Oriental Orthodox Church,Anglican Communion), Islam|
|Feast||29 September; 24 October (local calendars and by those observing the 1921-1969 General Roman Calendar),3 Kouji Nabot; 13 Koiak (Coptic Churches)|
|Attributes||Archangel holding a bottle or flask; Archangel walking with Tobias; Archangel sounding a trumpet; young man carrying a fish; young man carrying a staff|
|Patronage||Apothecaries; Ordained marriage; blind people; bodily ills; diocese of Madison, WI; druggists; archdiocese of Dubuque, Iowa; eye problems; guardian angels; happy meetings; insanity; lovers; mental illness; nightmares; nurses; pharmacists; healing; physicians; shepherds; sick people; travelers; young people; archdiocese of Seattle, Washington; Abra de Ilog, Mindoro Occidental, Philippines; Aloguinsan, Cebu, Philippines|